Mongolian National Archaeological Museum

International architectural competetion – 1st Prize Winning Competition Entry

The National Archaeological Museum of Mongolia is a multifunctional complex, containing research, educational, exhibition and office space, all in all, making it the building floor area 50,000 square meters. The site is located in Ulan Bator in the National Park close to the city center. The design assimilates and conforms to the existing establishments and facilities, including the promenade, fountain, and bicycle road. There were two important analyses to consider during the early phases of the conceptual design. One was the unique history of the local architecture, and the other the extreme weather conditions, which Mongolia is succumbed to during winter, namely, the Siberian Anticyclones and sometimes the strong winds. The solutions for these considerable issues created a design that is in harmony with the historical archetypes, and can endure extreme weather conditions. The building uses simple archaic forms to create a clean arrangement of volumetric units. This curving mass forms a protected space for the main entrance and other public space. Observing the building mass from the main perspective view, we can understand its protecting attitude and see how the open air exhibition space safeguards its valued objects.

Project data:
Client: Culture, Tourism and Sport Ministry of Mongolia
1st prize winning competition entry
Location: Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar
Year of design: 2013
Planning area: 50.000 sqm

Project team:
Architects: Barna D. Kovacs
Coworker: Krisztina Barna
Partner architect: Ochir Tuvshinbayar
Consultants: Bulgan Altangerel, Zsuzsa Lukacs